HIV/AIDS Policy in Africa: What has Worked in Uganda and What has Failed in Botswana?

Journal of International Development
J. Int. Dev. 16, 1141–1154 (2004)

Abstract: A comparison of HIV/AIDS policies in Botswana and Uganda is revealing. It helps to highlight the kinds of policies that are necessary to come to terms with the pandemic in Africa, where it is already a public health disaster. It is argued that the promotion of condoms at an early stage proved to be counter-productive in Botswana, whereas the lack of condom promotion during the 1980s and early 1990s contributed to the relative success of behaviour change strategies in Uganda.

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